There has always been a tradition of “male and female low” in marriage in China
That is, the man in economic, social, cultural and other aspects are higher than women.
Photo by Pixabay on pexels.com “White Tiger Tong married” mentioned that “male 30 and married, female 20 and married”, the age of marriage between men and women is ancient.
The age matching of mate selection tends to be “male big female.”
The reasons for “low male and female” are: the traditional concept of “male and female”, the shortage of female resources.
We refer to this phenomenon of “low male height female” as “marriage gradient effect”.
At this stage, the marriage gradient is mainly manifested in several aspects:
- Men are older than women.
- Men work better than women.
- Men are less educated than women too high
Age matching of mate selection Differences between urban and rural areas in the process of choosing a mate, men require women to be young and women to require a high level of male education.
Men require women to be inferior to themselves in terms of age, educational background, occupational income, social status, etc., and women require men to be superior to themselves in terms of age, height, education, income, family conditions, etc.
Entering the 21st century, the “male and female small” rules of the age of men and women were broken, and the difference in marriage between husband and wife was characterized by a marked “male and female”, which was significantly higher than “female male and Young”, men were 1-4 years older than women, and couples were the same age, and women were 1-2 years older than men. Based on the sample survey of 1% population changes in the National Bureau of Statistics, The age difference ratio of Beijing couples from high to low in the 1990s was as follows: male and female, male and female, male and young.
The difference in the age of marriage is U-shaped curve with the improvement of the educational level of husband and wife, the education level is lower than that of couples below primary school and above university, and the marriage level of couples with junior high school is less poor.
Matching the educational level of choosing a mate The educational matching of mate selection mainly has the same kind of marriage and upward marriage two kinds, still presents the characteristic of male high female low. The proportion of couples in the same category and above is the highest, and the rate of upward marriage is significantly higher than that of downward marriage. A study based on the registration data of marriages in Beijing in 2006-2009 showed that the proportion of couples with the same degree of marriage was more than 50%, followed by the low marriage of men and women and the lower marriage of female Takao.
With the popularization and expansion of compulsory education and higher education, the boundary of educational gradient is increasing, and the trend of similar marriage is increasing. The gradient of mate selection brings about marriage squeezing and has an impact on both men and women. Men in poor conditions are not competitive in the marriage market, and women in good condition are difficult to find a mate, which not only increases the marriage pressure of older unmarried young people, but also is not conducive to social stability.
Men and women in our country can be divided into:
Four grades of Ethyl a A daughter who is very good in all aspects of the condition can not find a spouse.
The social differences between men and women are shrinking, and the matchmaking model of “male high female and low” leads to the difficulty of choosing a mate for a woman, which is no longer suitable for the needs of social development, and should be transitioned to the “equal to men and women” matchmaking model.
Li Zhihong. Analysis of the age difference of the Beijing couple. Population and Development, 2004, 10 (5): 41-48.